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Java对象、Json、Xml转换东西Jackson运用【XML教程】,Java,Xml,Jackson

作者:搜教程发布时间:2019-12-01分类:XML教程浏览:94评论:0


导读:在Java项目中將一个对象转换成一段Json花样的字符串黑白经常见的,能够完成这类需求的东西包也比较多,比方Gson、JSON-lib、Jackson等等。本文重要引见Jack...


在Java项目中將一个对象转换成一段Json花样的字符串黑白经常见的,能够完成这类需求的东西包也比较多,比方Gson、JSON-lib、Jackson等等。本文重要引见Jackson的运用,Jackson除了能完成Java对象与Json串的互转外,还能將Java对象转换为Xml花样,运用较为简朴而且听说效力比较高。
关于Jackson的jar包我们能够从maven资源库中下载:http://www.ki4.cn/

所需jar包以下,根据称号搜刮下载即可。

接下来编写测试用例,我们须要一个java类:

package com.csii.jackson.object;
public class Book{    
private String name;    
private int price;    
public String getName() {        
return name;
    }    public void setName(String name) {        
    this.name = name;
    }    public int getPrice() {        
    return price;
    }    public void setPrice(int price) {        
    this.price = price;
    }    public Book() {

    }    public Book(String name,int price) {        
    this.name = name;        
    this.price = price;
    } 
    @Override    
    public String toString() { 
        return "name:" + name +"; price:" + price;
    }

}

1.將Java对象转换为Json字符串:

    @Test    public void testGenJson()
    {
        ObjectMapper objMapper = new ObjectMapper();
        Book book = new Book("Think in Java",100);        try {
            jsonGen = objMapper.getJsonFactory().createJsonGenerator(System.out,JsonEncoding.UTF8);
            jsonGen.writeObject(book);
        } catch (IOException e) { 
            e.printStackTrace();
        } 
    }

运转测试要领,控制台输出:

{"name":"Think in Java","price":100}

2.將Json字符串转为Java对象:

    /*
     * Json转Java对象
     */
    @Test    public void testGenObjByJson()
    {
        ObjectMapper objMapper = new ObjectMapper();
        String json = "{\"name\":\"Think in Java\",\"price\":100}"; 
        try {
            Book book = objMapper.readValue(json, Book.class);
            System.out.println(book);
        } catch (IOException e) { 
            e.printStackTrace();
        }  
    }

因为我们重写了Book类的toString要领,运转测试要领,控制台输出:

name:Think in Java; price:100

3.將Java对象转为Xml花样:

     /*
     * Java对象转xml
     */
    @Test    public void testGenXml()
    {
        XmlMapper xmlMapper = new XmlMapper();

        Book book = new Book("Think in Java",100);        try {
            String xmlStr =  xmlMapper.writeValueAsString(book);
            System.out.println(xmlStr);
        } catch (JsonProcessingException e) { 
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

运转测试要领,控制台输出:

<Book xmlns=""><name>Think in Java</name><price>100</price></Book>

4.將xml花样字符串转为Java对象:

    /*
     * xml转Java对象
     */
    @Test    public void testGenObjByXml()
    {
        XmlMapper xmlMapper = new XmlMapper();
        String xmlStr = "<Book><name>Think in Java</name><price>100</price></Book>"; 
        try {
            Book book = xmlMapper.readValue(xmlStr, Book.class);
            System.out.println(book);
        } catch (IOException e) {            // TODO Auto-generated catch block
            e.printStackTrace();
        }

    }

输出内容:

name:Think in Java; price:100

完全的测试用例代码:

package com.csii.jackson.test;
import java.io.IOException;
import org.junit.Test;
import com.csii.jackson.object.Book;
import com.fasterxml.jackson.core.JsonEncoding;
import com.fasterxml.jackson.core.JsonGenerator;
import com.fasterxml.jackson.core.JsonProcessingException;
import com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.ObjectMapper;
import com.fasterxml.jackson.dataformat.xml.XmlMapper;
@SuppressWarnings("deprecation")
public class JsonTest { 
    private JsonGenerator jsonGen = null;
    /*
     * Java对象转 Json
     */
    @Test
    public void testGenJson()
    {
        ObjectMapper objMapper = new ObjectMapper();
        Book book = new Book("Think in Java",100);
        try {
            jsonGen = objMapper.getJsonFactory().createJsonGenerator(System.out,JsonEncoding.UTF8);
            jsonGen.writeObject(book);
        } catch (IOException e) { 
            e.printStackTrace();
        } 
    }    /*
     * Json转Java对象
     */
    @Test
    public void testGenObjByJson()
    {
        ObjectMapper objMapper = new ObjectMapper();
        String json = "{\"name\":\"Think in Java\",\"price\":100}"; 
        try {
            Book book = objMapper.readValue(json, Book.class);
            System.out.println(book);
        } catch (IOException e) { 
            e.printStackTrace();
        }  
    }    /*
     * Java对象转xml
     */
    @Test
    public void testGenXml()
    {
        XmlMapper xmlMapper = new XmlMapper();

        Book book = new Book("Think in Java",100);
        try {
            String xmlStr =  xmlMapper.writeValueAsString(book);
            System.out.println(xmlStr);
        } catch (JsonProcessingException e) { 
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }    /*
     * xml转Java对象
     */
    @Test
    public void testGenObjByXml()
    {
        XmlMapper xmlMapper = new XmlMapper();
        String xmlStr = "<Book><name>Think in Java</name><price>100</price></Book>"; 
        try {
            Book book = xmlMapper.readValue(xmlStr, Book.class);
            System.out.println(book);
        } catch (IOException e) {
            // TODO Auto-generated catch block
            e.printStackTrace();
        }

    }
}

在Java项目中將一个对象转换成一段Json花样的字符串黑白经常见的,能够完成这类需求的东西包也比较多,比方Gson、JSON-lib、Jackson等等。本文重要引见Jackson的运用,Jackson除了能完成Java对象与Json串的互转外,还能將Java对象转换为Xml花样,运用较为简朴而且听说效力比较高。
关于Jackson的jar包我们能够从maven资源库中下载:http://www.ki4.cn/

所需jar包以下,根据称号搜刮下载即可。

接下来编写测试用例,我们须要一个java类:

package com.csii.jackson.object;
public class Book{    
private String name;    
private int price;    
public String getName() {        
return name;
    }    public void setName(String name) {        
    this.name = name;
    }    public int getPrice() {        
    return price;
    }    public void setPrice(int price) {        
    this.price = price;
    }    public Book() {

    }    public Book(String name,int price) {        
    this.name = name;        
    this.price = price;
    } 
    @Override    
    public String toString() { 
        return "name:" + name +"; price:" + price;
    }

}

1.將Java对象转换为Json字符串:

    @Test    public void testGenJson()
    {
        ObjectMapper objMapper = new ObjectMapper();
        Book book = new Book("Think in Java",100);        try {
            jsonGen = objMapper.getJsonFactory().createJsonGenerator(System.out,JsonEncoding.UTF8);
            jsonGen.writeObject(book);
        } catch (IOException e) { 
            e.printStackTrace();
        } 
    }

运转测试要领,控制台输出:

{"name":"Think in Java","price":100}

2.將Json字符串转为Java对象:

    /*
     * Json转Java对象
     */
    @Test    public void testGenObjByJson()
    {
        ObjectMapper objMapper = new ObjectMapper();
        String json = "{\"name\":\"Think in Java\",\"price\":100}"; 
        try {
            Book book = objMapper.readValue(json, Book.class);
            System.out.println(book);
        } catch (IOException e) { 
            e.printStackTrace();
        }  
    }

因为我们重写了Book类的toString要领,运转测试要领,控制台输出:

name:Think in Java; price:100

3.將Java对象转为Xml花样:

     /*
     * Java对象转xml
     */
    @Test    public void testGenXml()
    {
        XmlMapper xmlMapper = new XmlMapper();

        Book book = new Book("Think in Java",100);        try {
            String xmlStr =  xmlMapper.writeValueAsString(book);
            System.out.println(xmlStr);
        } catch (JsonProcessingException e) { 
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

运转测试要领,控制台输出:

<Book xmlns=""><name>Think in Java</name><price>100</price></Book>

4.將xml花样字符串转为Java对象:

    /*
     * xml转Java对象
     */
    @Test    public void testGenObjByXml()
    {
        XmlMapper xmlMapper = new XmlMapper();
        String xmlStr = "<Book><name>Think in Java</name><price>100</price></Book>"; 
        try {
            Book book = xmlMapper.readValue(xmlStr, Book.class);
            System.out.println(book);
        } catch (IOException e) {            // TODO Auto-generated catch block
            e.printStackTrace();
        }

    }

输出内容:

name:Think in Java; price:100

完全的测试用例代码:

package com.csii.jackson.test;
import java.io.IOException;
import org.junit.Test;
import com.csii.jackson.object.Book;
import com.fasterxml.jackson.core.JsonEncoding;
import com.fasterxml.jackson.core.JsonGenerator;
import com.fasterxml.jackson.core.JsonProcessingException;
import com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.ObjectMapper;
import com.fasterxml.jackson.dataformat.xml.XmlMapper;
@SuppressWarnings("deprecation")
public class JsonTest { 
    private JsonGenerator jsonGen = null;
    /*
     * Java对象转 Json
     */
    @Test
    public void testGenJson()
    {
        ObjectMapper objMapper = new ObjectMapper();
        Book book = new Book("Think in Java",100);
        try {
            jsonGen = objMapper.getJsonFactory().createJsonGenerator(System.out,JsonEncoding.UTF8);
            jsonGen.writeObject(book);
        } catch (IOException e) { 
            e.printStackTrace();
        } 
    }    /*
     * Json转Java对象
     */
    @Test
    public void testGenObjByJson()
    {
        ObjectMapper objMapper = new ObjectMapper();
        String json = "{\"name\":\"Think in Java\",\"price\":100}"; 
        try {
            Book book = objMapper.readValue(json, Book.class);
            System.out.println(book);
        } catch (IOException e) { 
            e.printStackTrace();
        }  
    }    /*
     * Java对象转xml
     */
    @Test
    public void testGenXml()
    {
        XmlMapper xmlMapper = new XmlMapper();

        Book book = new Book("Think in Java",100);
        try {
            String xmlStr =  xmlMapper.writeValueAsString(book);
            System.out.println(xmlStr);
        } catch (JsonProcessingException e) { 
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }    /*
     * xml转Java对象
     */
    @Test
    public void testGenObjByXml()
    {
        XmlMapper xmlMapper = new XmlMapper();
        String xmlStr = "<Book><name>Think in Java</name><price>100</price></Book>"; 
        try {
            Book book = xmlMapper.readValue(xmlStr, Book.class);
            System.out.println(book);
        } catch (IOException e) {
            // TODO Auto-generated catch block
            e.printStackTrace();
        }

    }
}

以上就是Java对象、Json、Xml转换东西Jackson运用的内容,更多相关内容请关注ki4网(www.ki4.cn)!

标签:JavaXmlJackson


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